Connecting the world…

kpn

Cisco 888G with KPN 3G connection

Something I don’t see and don’t do very often is the configuration of a router including a 3G connection. So this blog post helps me during the process of configuring future connections. For todays configuration I am using the Dutch carrier KPN to establish the 3G connection. As hardware I am using a Cisco 888G router with a PCEX-3G-HSPA-G module. The most difficult during the configuration is the retrieval of the correct provider information. For this KPN connection is used the following credentials:

  • – APN name: fastinternet
  • – PPP CHAP username: <empty>
  • – PPP CHAP password: <empty>
  • – DNS: ns1.kpn-gprs.nl (62.133.126.28) & ns2.kpn-gprs.nl (62.133.126.29)

Don’t forget to use the above DNS servers when using a 3G connection from KPN. All other DNS servers, including Google’s DNS servers, won’t work.

The SIM card is locked by default with a password, so I first needed to unlock the SIM card. The unlocking of the SIM is accomplished with the following command:

router#cellular 0 gsm sim unlock <pin code>

The next thing to do is creating a gsm modem profile. With the modem profile you can configure different profiles with different APN, authentication, username and password combinations. For my connection I only need to specify the APN name, like shown below:

router#cellular 0 gsm profile create 1 fastinternet

Another important step is the configuration of a chat-script. The chat-script is used to define the Attention Dial Tone (ATDT) commands when the dialer is initiated. For gsm connections, the script always has the following syntax:

router(config)#chat-script <script name> “” “ATDT*99*<modem profile number>#” TIMEOUT <timeout value> CONNECT

Getting back to my configuration I configured the following chat-script:

router(config)#chat-script gsm-chat-script “” “ATDT*99*1#” TIMEOUT 30 “CONNECT”

Next you need to configure regular dial-on-demand (DDR) routing for the cellular interface. My cellular interface is used as the primary internet connection, so I included the necessary NAT statements on the interfaces.

interface Cellular0
no ip address
no ip redirects
no ip unreachables
no ip proxy-arp
ip nat outside
ip virtual-reassembly in
encapsulation ppp
dialer in-band
dialer pool-member 1
async mode interactive

!
interface Dialer1
ip address negotiated
ip nat outside
ip virtual-reassembly in
encapsulation ppp
dialer pool 1
dialer idle-timeout 0
dialer string gsm-chat-script
dialer persistent
ppp chap hostname <APN name>
ppp chap password 0 <provider password>
ppp ipcp dns request
no cdp enable

!
dialer-list 1 protocol ip permit

The last two steps involve the configuration of a default route and line configuration mode. I configure a regular default route with the Dialer 1 interface as next-hop interface. The line configuration mode, includes the following commands for the KPN connection.

line 3
script dialer gsm-chat-script
modem InOut
no exec
rxspeed 7200000
txspeed 5760000

That’s it. Just configure a routed or VLAN interface. Some NAT and ACL statements and you are ready to go. You can use several

show cellular 0 <commands>

commands for troubleshooting or information about your connection.