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npe

Cisco ASA NPE image

I got complains from a customer who wasn’t able to configure 3DES or AES encryption for a VPN tunnel. Sounds familiar with a problem I had a couple of weeks ago. So I gave the customer the advice to upgrade and activate the VPN-3DES-AES feature. He tried but that didn’t solve this problem.

I remotely logged in and checked the software he was using. I noticed he was using the image asa832-npe-k8.bin. Problem found!!!

NPE stands for No Payload Encryption. For export to some countries, payload encryption cannot be enabled on the Cisco ASA 5500 series. For version 8.3(2), you can now install a No Payload Encryption image (asa832-npe-k8.bin).

Features that are disabled in the No Payload Encryption image include:

  • Unified Communications;
  • Strong encryption for VPN (DES encryption is still available for VPN);
  • VPN load balancing (note that the CLI is still present; the feature will not function, however)
  • Downloading of the dynamic database for the Botnet Traffic Filer (Static black and whitelists are still supported. Note that the CLI is still present; the feature will not function, however);
  • Management protocols requiring strong encryption, including SSL, SSHv2, and SNMPv3. You can, however, use SSL or SNMPv3 using base encryption (DES). Also, SSHv1 and SNMPv1 and v2 are still available;

If you attempt to install a Strong Encryption (3DES/AES) license, you see the following warning:

WARNING: Strong encryption types have been disabled in this image; the VPN-3DES-AES license option has been ignored.

I replaced the software image with the regular image and the problem was solved.