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AOS – WireShark: remote capture

AOS switches have the option to monitor / copy traffic from port A to port B. You also have the option to send the monitor traffic to a remote switch or even to a remote host. When the remote host is running WireShark, the monitored traffic can be analysed on the remote host.

First you need to configure the switch to send a copy of the traffic to a remote host. Use the following commands to create a monitor session to a remote host. In this case the switch is using IP adres 172.18.9.3 with source port UDP/10999 and the remote host has IP adres 172.18.11.233.

ASW-C01# conf t
ASW-C01(config)# monitor 
 mac                   MAC address.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 
 endpoint              Remote mirroring destination configuration.
 <1-4>                 Mirror destination number.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 
 name                  Mirroring destination name string.
 port                  Mirroring destination monitoring port.
 remote                Remote mirroring destination configuration.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 remote 
 ip                    Remote mirroring destination configuration.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 remote ip 
 IP-ADDR               Enter an IP address.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 remote ip 172.18.9.2 
 <1-65535>             Remote mirroring UDP encapsulation port.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 remote ip 172.18.9.2 10999 
 IP-ADDR               Remote mirroring UDP encapsulation destination ip addr.
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 remote ip 172.18.9.2 10999 172.18.11.233 
 truncation            Enable truncation for Remote mirroring.
 <cr>
ASW-C01(config)# mirror 1 remote ip 172.18.9.2 10999 172.18.11.233 
The destination switch must be configured before proceeding.

Has the remote switch been configured (y/n)? y

Next you need to configure the interface for which you would like to analyse the traffic.

ASW-C01(config)# int 4/3
ASW-C01(eth-4/3)# monitor 
 all                   Monitor all traffic.
 <cr>
ASW-C01(eth-4/3)# monitor all both 
 mirror                Mirror destination.
ASW-C01(eth-4/3)# monitor all both mirror 1 
 no-tag-added          Don’t add VLAN tag for this untagged-port
 <1-4>                 Mirror destination number.
 <cr>
ASW-C01(eth-4/3)# monitor all both mirror 1 

Traffic from port 4/3 is now send to the remote host. Now start WireShark on the remote host and create a capture filter to capture only packets for port UDP/10999.

WireShark displays packets like below, which are useless to analyse traffic. The packets are encoded as HP ERM packets.

So the final step is to decode the traffic. Just right click on a packet and choose the option “Decode As…”. You could also choose from the menu Analyze >> Decode As…

Change the column Current from (none) to HP_ERM from the drop down list and choose OK.

HP ERM, Hewlett-Packard Encapsulated Remote Mirror protocol is used by the HPE (Hewlett-Packard Enterprise) switches based on ProVision ASICs formerly of the ProCurve family, now branded under Aruba Networks, a Hewlett Packard Enterprise company. Unlike Cisco RSPAN, HP ERM encapsulates the frames to be mirrored inside UDP datagrams with a proprietary header, allowing it to be transported over any IP network (like Cisco ERSPAN)

Now the packets should be “readable” for traffic analysis.

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René Jorissen

Co-owner and Solution Specialist at 4IP Solutions
René Jorissen works as Solution Specialist for 4IP in the Netherlands. Network Infrastructures are the primary focus. René works with equipment of multiple vendors, like Cisco, Aruba Networks, FortiNet, HP Networking, Juniper Networks, RSA SecurID, AeroHive, Microsoft and many more. René is Aruba Mobility First Expert (AMFX #26), Aruba Certified Mobility Expert (ACMX #438), Aruba Certified ClearPass Expert (ACCX #725), Aruba Certified Design Expert (ACDX #760), CCNP R&S, FCNSP and Certified Ethical Hacker (CEF) certified. You can follow René on Twitter and LinkedIn.

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